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3D printing materials steel technology breakthrough which can print any shape car parts without defects

Texas A & M University, AFR and other researchers developed a process for void-free metal printingof martensitic metal parts. Martensitic stainless steels provide a better alternative for similar metals.

Stable steel is not only widely used but also expensive. Martensitic, which is less expensive than steel but has a high cost per pound, is the exception. These hard steels can also be printed using a 3D printer framework.

Is martensitic steel a type of iron?

Over thousands of decades, metallurgists worked to optimize the performance of steel. Martensitic, a steel with higher strength but lower costs, is still the best.

Steel is an alloy of carbon and iron. This is called high-temperature quenching. Martensitic Steel can be made by using this method. Martensitic iron's special strength can be achieved by a sudden cooling process.


3D printers can use Martensitic stainless steel powder. An enlarged image of the steel powder is shown in this photo.

Although there is high demand in this industry for hardened iron, it has too high prices. Martensitic iron, however, has a lower cost than hardened steel and costs under one dollar per pound.

Martensitic steel can be used in many industries, including aerospace, automotive, defense and others that demand light weight parts of high strength without adding cost.

Technology improvement 3D printing of high strength, non-defective martensitic metal

Martensitic Steel can be used in multiple applications. Especially low-alloy martensitic martensitic has to be welded into various shapes and sizes to meet specific needs. 3D printing or additive manufacturing is a feasible solution. This method allows one layer of metal powder to heat and melt in a specific pattern. It also makes it possible to make complex pieces layer by layer using a high intensity laser beam. For the final 3D printed object, you can combine and stack each layer.

However, porous material can be caused by 3D printing martensitic stainless steel with lasers.

In order to resolve this issue, the team of researchers needed to work from scratch and determine the settings that would suppress the defects.

A mathematical model of the melting behavior of single layers of martensitic metal powder was used first in this experiment. The next step was to compare the types of defect, their number and predictions with models. This improved the framework for printing. With many iterations they were able to make better predictions. According to the researchers, this technique does not need additional experiments. It saves you time and energy.


A study by the US Air Force Research Base was done on the samples. It found that the displays' mechanical properties are excellent.

Although initially the process was only for martensitic iron, it has been made flexible enough that the 3D printed pipe can be used to produce complex parts from different metals and alloys.

This innovation is crucial for all industries involved in metal additive production. You can choose to use a basic part, like a screw, or something more complicated such as a landing gear or box. It will be more precise in the future.

This cutting-edge prediction technology will reduce time in evaluating and finding the correct printing parameters to martensitic iron steel. Unfortunately, it can take a lot of time and effort to evaluate the potential effects of different laser settings. The result is simple, and it's easy to follow. This process involves combining modeling and experiments in order to decide which setting works best for 3D printing martensitic-steel.


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