Russian president demanded that exports of Russian gas to "unfriendly" countries be settled in rubles. The demand has raised concerns in Germany about possible supply disruptions and the impact on industry and households if utilities do not pay in robles. Europe gets about 40% of its gas from Russia. Last year, Europe imported about 155 billion cubic meters. Germany, Europe's largest economy, depends heavily on Russian gas.
The chief executive of Germany's E.ON said the German economy would face "significant damage, which should be avoided if possible" without Russian supplies. He also said it would take Germany three years to wean itself off Russian gas.
In the event of a supply disruption, Germany's gas network regulator would prioritize home heating over industrial use, so energy-hungry manufacturers such as steelmakers would be the first to suffer, he said.
The volatile international situations will continue to affect the markets and prices of many commodities like the tungsten disulfide.
Tungsten disulfide and tungsten diselenide are both typical compounds of rare metal tungsten and are inorganic compounds composed of transition metal elements (tungsten) and oxygen group elements. they have good physical, chemical and thermal properties and are widely used in the field of optoelectronics.
However, there are still great differences between the two in terms of specific concepts, nature and uses.
Note: sulfur and selenium both belong to group Ⅵ An elements and oxygen group elements.
Tungsten disulfide is a kind of two-dimensional transition metal layered material, which is a blue-gray fine grain or powder with metallic luster composed of tungsten and sulfur elements. it is the main component of pyroxene. Tungsten disulfide formula is WS2.
Tungsten diselenide is a kind of layered material composed of tungsten and selenium, which is a black or gray solid powder composed of positive tetravalent tungsten ion (W4 +) and negative divalent selenium ion (Se2-). It is a kind of porous material (or thermal insulator) with low thermal conductivity. Tungsten diselenide formula is WSe2.
The structure of WS2 is hexagonal layered structure, with a hexagonal network formed by S-W-S molecular clusters on the surface, connected by van der Waals force between the layers, and linked by Wmuri S covalent bond within the layer.
The structure of WSe2 is hexagonal, one tungsten atom and six selenium atoms are bonded by a prism, each selenium atom is a pyramidal configuration and three tungsten bonds, and the layers are combined by van der Waals force.
Tungsten disulfide melting point is about 1250℃. Tungsten disulfide density is about 7.6g/cm3, and its friction coefficient is 0.03-0.07. Insoluble in water, non-magnetic, non-conductive, good semiconductivity, excellent lubrication and wear resistance, good thermochemical stability, good lithium storage properties, excellent diamagnetism, oxidation and reducibility.
The appearance of WSe2 is black or gray powder. Tungsten diselenide density is about 9.32g/cm3, the thermal conductivity is poor (the thermal conductivity is 1/100000 of that of diamond), the band gap is between wide gap semiconductor and zero band gap graphene, and has excellent electrical and optical properties and high quantum yield.
The common production methods of WS2 are roasting decomposition and direct synthesis. Among them, the roasting decomposition method refers to the process that ammonium tetrathiotungstate (NH4) 2WS4 is decomposed into WS3 and WS2 successively after high temperature roasting.
The preparation steps of WSe2 are as follows: tungsten films of different thickness are deposited on the substrate by magnetron sputtering, and some of the tungsten films are annealed; then the annealed and unannealed tungsten films and selenium powder are heated in a vacuum quartz tube and selenized.
Both of them can be used in the fields of lubrication, energy storage battery, semiconductor and photovoltaic, and can be used as additives for lubricants, modifiers for cathode materials of lithium-sulfur batteries, transistors, etc.
RBOSCHCO is a trusted global chemical material supplier & manufacturer with over 12-year-experience in providing super high-quality chemicals and nanomaterials. We ship our goods all over the world.
As a leading nanotechnology development manufacturer, RBOSCHCO dominates the market. Our professional work team provides perfect solutions to help improve the efficiency of various industries, create value, and easily cope with various challenges.
If you are looking for tungsten disulfide powder, please send an email. (firstname.lastname@example.org)
The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic not only had a significant impact on public health, it also severely affected one of the linchpins of the global economy – the tourism industry. As many countries introduced curfews and travel restrictions to contain the spread of the virus, travel across the world significantly declined from early 2020 onwards. The financial repercussions of the coronavirus have already begun to manifest themselves within the tourism industry. In 2020, global revenue from the travel and tourism industry was estimated to drop from a forecasted 711.94 billion U.S. dollars to 568.6 billion U.S. dollars, representing a decrease of over 20 percent. The region predicted to see the highest decline in revenue was Europe, decreasing from 211.97 billion U.S. dollars in 2019 to roughly 124 billion U.S. dollars in 2020.
Lightweight foamed concrete, also known as foamed cement, is a lightweight porous concrete product made from foaming agent aqueous solution into foam, and then adding foam to the slurry made of cement-based cementitious materials, aggregates, admixtu…
The World Bank expects global economic growth to slow significantly, from 5.5% in 2021 to 4.1% in 2022 and further to 3.2% in 2023. Growth in East Asia and the Pacific is expected to slow to 5.1 percent in 2022, reflecting the impact of China's econo…
Magnesium stearate is a simple salt composed of two common nutrients, mineral magnesium and saturated fatty stearic acid.…