How to avoid deformation and cracking of foamed concrete materials
Since 2022, Russia-Ukraine geopolitical conflicts have intensified, and global energy prices have risen sharply, with international natural gas prices hitting historic highs. As the most important transitional energy source in the transition from fossil energy to non-fossil energy, the share of natural gas in primary energy has increased from 14.6% in 1965 to 24.7% in 2020. The global gas price indices showed a unilateral downward trend from 2018, bottomed out in 2020, and remained low for a long time. However, since July 2020, the global gas prices have gradually fluctuated upward, and the impact of geopolitical events made the Dutch TTF gas price even hit record highs repeatedly.
An analyst of a securities company believes that the core catalyst of this round of global gas market lies in the lack of investment in upstream oil and gas resources caused by long-term low prices. Since 2020, although the epidemic has led to a decline in demand, the decline in supply has been faster, resulting in a large inventory consumption. In 2021, demand will recover faster than supply (the supply-side is less sensitive to prices, which will be reflected in investment).
As the world's two largest gas foamed concrete are also expected to change significantly.
Foam concrete is prone to cracking during maintenance, mainly caused by unscientific construction and maintenance of the proportioning. Luchuang has a series of solutions. In the years of construction, Luchuang has accurate material proportions for different climatic conditions and different terrains. The construction quality is industry-leading.
Aggregates rarely change during concrete hardening and use unless there is a significant volume change due to heat and cold. Chemical shrinkage, carbonization shrinkage, drying shrinkage, etc., all come from cement slurry. Foam concrete is mainly composed of cement and does not contain aggregates, determining its considerable shrinkage.
The strength development of foamed concrete is relatively slow in the initial curing stage, and its low thermal conductivity makes it difficult for the heat generated by hydration to be discharged to the outside in time, which often leads to a sharp increase in the initial temperature of foamed concrete, resulting in volume expansion. Internal thermal stress and cracks are generated.
The strength of foamed concrete is at a low level (generally not higher than 10MPa) even after it is completely hardened, so any abnormal external mechanical force will also cause its deformation or even cracking and failure. Possible technical approaches to reduce shrinkage and control cracking of foamed concrete.
Based on the above-mentioned analysis of the volume deformation phenomenon and internal causes of concrete in the process of hydration and hardening and use, and the study of the similarities and differences between foam concrete and ordinary structural concrete in terms of composition, structure, and performance, combined with foam concrete preparation and application may appear In this paper, the following possible technical approaches are proposed on how to reduce the shrinkage and control cracking of foamed concrete.
1) Use fast-hardening and low-heating cement as the cementitious material for foam concrete;
2) Add an appropriate amount of fine aggregate, and choose a reasonable mix of cement and sand;
3) Strengthen early maintenance and timely heat dissipation to reduce artificial abnormal external mechanical impact;
4) Introduce appropriate and appropriate expansion components to make up for volume shrinkage; reduce space constraints and increase free deformation components.
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